Bonn, Germany. The world’s 49 Least Development Countries (LDCs) have been told to show leadership to achieve real and substantial progress on the negotiation of a 2015 treaty, and to close the mitigation gap before 2020.
“There is no more time to waste, so we need to stop going round in circles”, LDC group chair Prakash Mathema said. The group is currently meeting in the German capital Bonn. The LDCs’ top priorities include climate change adaptation and climate resilience for which international support for technology, capacity building and finance is still inadequate, the Internatonal Insttitute for Environment and Development (IIED) said
Climate change mitigation addresses the root causes, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, while adaptation seeks to lower the risks posed by the consequences of climatic changes, according to Susannah Fisher of the Grantham Research Institute.
It is believed that LDCs will be seriously hit by the harsh impact of climate change due to their vulnerability and lack of resources. “The effects are already being seen – we are all experiencing an increased number of droughts, severe storms, and floods,” Nepal-born Mathema said.
“These events are increasing in frequency, magnitude and intensity, and worsening from day to day the quality of life of already vulnerable populations.”
Delay in action against climate change is not an option, the LDC group was told.
During their preparation of the Bonn talks, the group formulated their bottom line: start real negotiations now! The group was categorical, saying that the world must not embark on yet another procedural heavy process. “Delay will certainly lead to a 4°C warmer world. We must draw lessons from the past negotiations under this Convention, and implement urgent actions to address climate change. We should ensure that the outcomes of Durban are implemented as a matter of urgency. Without substantial progress to close the 8-13 gigatonne mitigation gap before 2020, the LDCs would not be prepared to accept a weak outcome.”
“At a certain point adaptation will have its limits and in the long-term, mitigation is the best form of adaptation”, stressed Mathema. Adaptation and climate resilience are the top priorities for the If global emissions are not limited, our countries will be confronted with a situation where adaptation requirements will far exceed capacities even if all possible international support is provided.